The World’s Fastest Charging Station
Superchargers are free connectors that charge Model S in minutes instead of hours. Stations are strategically placed to minimize stops during long distance travel and are conveniently located near restaurants, shopping centers, and WiFi hot spots. Each station contains multiple Superchargers to help you get back on the road quickly.
Supercharger stations are shown in Google Maps on the car’s 17″ touchscreen.
Grab a cup of coffee or a bite to eat while your Model S charges.
Check the Model S app to see when your car is charged.
536 Supercharger stations with 3,053 Superchargers
How it Works
Superchargers consist of multiple Model S chargers working in parallel to deliver up to 120 kW of direct current (DC) power directly to the battery. Typically, Model S uses its onboard charger to convert alternating current (AC) from a wall charger to DC that’s stored in the battery. As the battery nears full charge, the car’s onboard computer gradually reduces the current to the optimum level for topping off cells.
Charging each cell is like filling a glass of water without spilling. As the glass fills up, you reduce the flow to catch every last drop. In battery terms, this means reducing current in order to balance cell voltage, ultimately tapering down to a trickle as it nears full. The resulting charge profile is why we recommend charging to 80%, which is typically enough to reach a neighboring Supercharger station.
Using a Supercharger is as easy as using a Wall Connector. You simply plug in, walk away and in approximately 30 minutes you have enough range to get to your destination or the next station. Every new Model S includes Supercharging.
Charging from 10% to 80% is quick and typically provides ample range to travel between most Superchargers. Charging from 80% to 100% doubles the charge time because the car must reduce current to top off cells. Actual charge times may vary.
Engineered for Speed
Supercharging takes advantage of the unique battery architecture that makes Model S P85D the quickest sedan in the world. Accelerating from 0 to 60 mph in 2.8 seconds requires a strong draw from the battery pack to power the front and rear motors. The connections, cell chemistry, and battery cooling system are all engineered to move significant power out of the battery pack during hard accelerations and uphill driving.
Driving (discharging) and charging use the same systems to move energy out of and into the battery. Supercharging utilizes the car’s discharge capacity to flow a similar amount of power back into the battery pack through dedicated high voltage cables. The car’s onboard computer constantly monitors the battery during both driving and charging to ensure that Model S performs at its peak.
Model S is currently the only EV capable of charging at up to 120 kW, which equates to 170 miles of range in about 30 minutes. There are many factors that affect the actual charge rate, including ambient temperature, utility grid restrictions and charging traffic, amongst others. We are constantly incorporating owner feedback into our maintenance and research and development efforts. Should you encounter an issue, please email us.
We strategically place Superchargers along well-traveled highways and in congested city centers. In addition to Superchargers, we have a growing network of charging partners with dedicated Tesla Wall Connectors at their properties. These are primarily destinations where you’d stay for several hours at a time, such as ski resorts, restaurants, hotels and others, so that you return to your car with ample range for your return trip.
Opening New Stations
Our Supercharger team is constantly at work around the globe constructing new sites. The exact timing of each Supercharger station opening is difficult to predict due to the nature of construction projects. Permits, inspections, weather delays and other circumstances beyond our control all influence the actual opening date. Consequently, stations will occasionally open before or after the date projected in our maps. If you have a question or comment, please email us.
Source :- http://www.teslamotors.com